Table of Contents

Outline & Table of Contents

Preface & front matter.

Introduction, author’s premise, cautions & disclaimers, acknowledgements, Table of Contents, other front matter.

(Note:  Several of the chapters suggested below could be conflated to shorten the text.)

Chapter 1.     “Skeletal remains found.”  The discovery.

A survey of the circumstances surrounding the discovery of the skeletons.

(Sidebar— the science of rescue or salvage archaeology.)

(Illustrations—context photos of the discovery site, the excavation pit, photos of the excavation underway.)

Chapter 2.     “The bodies were heaped together.”  Archaeological analysis-I.

A basic survey of the human remains and artifacts recovered and their surrounding context including the estimated age of the burial.

(Sidebar—Why no Carbon-14 dating?)

(Sidebar—CSI debunked; techniques, time required and cost compared.)

(Illustrations—archaeologist’s sketch of skeletons at site, photos and line drawings of all non-bone artifacts.)

Chapter 3.     Victim profiles: Forensic anthropological analysis-I.

First results of the osteological studies establishing the basic profile of the seven Native American individuals found: age at death, sex, ancestry, and general health.

(Sidebar—How to prove the skeletons are Native Americans.)

(Sidebar—How to establish the age of the individuals.)

(Illustrations—photographs of forensic anthropologist at work in lab with instruments, close-up photos with clarifying line drawings of teeth and skulls showing distinctive features.)

Chapter 4.     “Nuche: the People.” Native Americans in Utah.

Basic ethnography of Utah Numic-speaking tribes of the 1850's.

Sidebar—The Utes get the horse.)

(Illustrations—photographs illustrating the dwellings, tools, weapons, dress, etc. of the Ute, Goshute, and Paiute tribes, especially photos illustrating young men wearing copper bangle and tube ornaments similar to those recovered at the burial site.)

Chapter 5.     "Go West, young man!"

A brief history of European-American travelers to the mountain West ending with the Mormon migration to and colonization of Utah.

(Sidebar—Fremont the Pathfinder.)

(Sidebar—Brigham Young searches for Zion.)

(Illustrations—photos & line drawings of Spanish explorers, mountain men, gold rush 49’ers, government explorers, and Mormon pioneers; simplified versions of maps of the mountain west showing early explorations & Oregon, California, & Mormon trails.)

Chapter 6.     “Alien” Encounters: Cooperation and conflict.

Summary of the first encounters between Mormons and Native Americans, basic Mormon policy regarding contact with Native Americans and their reaction to European-American encroachment.

(Sidebar—Native Americans: the lost Mormon tribe of the “Lamanites?”)

(Illustrations—separate photomontages of Mormon pioneer and Native American leaders, map of traditional Native American homelands overlaid with Mormon settlements in 1853.)

Chapter 7.     A argument about fish for flour starts a war.

A summary of the events precipitating the “Walker War.” A brief survey of the cycle of violence and retribution ending with the vicious murders in Salt Creek Canyon on September 30, 1853 .

(Sidebar—Not John Wayne’s Indian Chief!  A character study of the Ute Chieftain Wahkara)

(Illustrations—Both photographs of Wahkara; drawing of Wahkara mounted on Spanish horse with top hat and fancy saddle, illustrations of weapons used by both Native Americans and Mormon settlers.)

Chapter 8.     “The militia had a skirmish.”  Archaeological analysis-II.

Official accounts from the Mormon Militia, etc., of what happened at Nephi.  Results and conclusions of the archaeological studies bearing on those accounts.

(Sidebar—What was the Mormon militia?)

(Illustrations—photograph of Mormon militia, line drawings illustrating the individual with bound wrists.  Close-up photograph of the leather strap.)

Chapter 9.     “The Indians were taken down & shot.”  Forensic anthropological analysis-II.

Conflicting accounts.  Results and conclusions of the osteological studies spelling out specific evidence of what happened.

(Sidebar—What do ante-, peri-, and postmortem trauma mean and how can you tell?.)

(Illustrations—line drawings of long bones and skulls with evidence of trauma, possible defensive wounds, line drawings illustrating trajectories of bullets and possible stance of victims.)

Chapter 10.     Violence at Nephi:  “…Shot down like so many dogs!”

Reconstruction of the events at Nephi on October 2, 1853, and conclusions of the archaeological and osteological investigations.  Account of pioneer Adelia Almira Wilcox Hatton.

(Sidebar—timeline and casualties of the Walker War.)

(Illustrations—aerial photo showing location of Nephi fort relative to discovery site, photos of pioneers and illustrations of historical documents.)

Chapter 11.  “Days of yore” or “Days of shame?”

Reflections of modern Anglo Americans and modern Native Americans on the violent incident at Nephi.

(Sidebar—The final disposition of the remains.)

(Illustrations-- Collage of contemporary photographs.)

Appendices & Backmatter.

Additional resources & WWW links.

Bibliography with particular reference to official publications and reports.

Laypersons’ synopsis of historical preservation laws.

    a. National Historic Preservation Act.

    b. Utah state cultural sites protection laws.

    c. Utah Statute on Desecration of a Dead Human Body.

    d. Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act.


Words! Mere Words! Was there anything so real as words? - Dorian Gray